The laminate flooring has long since been the darling of renovations and renovations, since it is fairly sturdy, simple to install and costs much less than a hardwood floor.
This substance is also quite versatile because a number of them are suitable not just for homes, but also for high traffic environments like health spas, stores and malls. Have you ever determined on laminate flooring but don’t understand how to install it? Follow our article now with hints and guidelines about how the best way to place laminate flooring :
The laminate flooring is a floating floor made from wooden slats in varying widths and lengths with finishes and colors of their very varied. It is floating since it is not pinpointed nor glued to the subfloor, its installation is completed on a blanket.
The main characteristics of laminate flooring and its main advantages is the fact that it is a natural wood product coated with a resin picture of high strength, low porosity that prevents fluid absorption, simple maintenance at the right time of cleaning and higher durability .
The equilibrium is that the lower part of this floor, responsible for the stability of these blades and also the resistance of this item to humidity.
The substrate is the main part typically made from high density plywood, very resistant to influences and is really where the fittings are. The decorative blade is constructed from cellulose and is what provides the color and feel of the floor. It may be printed onto a wooden movie, depending upon the line selected.
And, finally, the overlay that is nothing more than a movie applied on the decorative laminate and that confers protection against scrapes and scratches.
Kinds of Laminate Flooring
1. Laminated wood flooring
This type of laminate flooring is usually used in apartments and houses. The blades range from 7 to 9mm thick, average width of 21cm and length in the range of 1.36m. These dimensions are not standardized, each manufacturer can display floors in different formats.
2. High traffic laminate floor
This type of floor is indicated for environments with high circulation of people like stores, academies and malls. Its main feature is an even greater resistance than the laminate over wear. The amount of colors and textures is as large as the wood laminate and the installation is the same.
Main benefits of laminate flooring
- Easy maintenance : the laminate floor is very easy to clean, Only a damp cloth and you also eliminate most stains and grime;
- Easy installation : the blades are designed with male-female kind fittings facilitating installation;
- Reduced price : contrasted to hardboard floors (hardwood), laminate is much more economical;
- Buddy of this environment : laminate flooring is made from reforestation wood, so there is no risk to the environment;
- Extended Warranty : Many manufacturers provide at least a 10-year guarantee;
High resistance : laminate flooring will barely present problems like termite infestation, since they’re already produced with elements that remove this Kind of pest;
How to Install Laminate Flooring: Installation
Get to know the materials you need, what to do before you begin, and the step-by-step guide on how to put laminate flooring:
1. Materials needed
- Laminate floor in the amount needed to cover the floor surface. This type of material is sold per square meter, make the calculation before purchasing the material;
- Plain blanket for cemented underlayments or non-ground floor apartments. Ventilated rug for wood, stone, ceramic or vinyl floors. Acoustic blanket for non-ground floors and apartments that need noise reduction;
- 1.5cm spacers;
- Profile T to be installed in all doorways and every 8sqm, floor-wall profile that can be used as an alternative to the baseboard, angles to be installed next to built-in cabinets or masonry furniture;
- Glue for baseboards;
- Scotch tape;
- Circular saw;
- Rubber hammer;
- Headless nails;
2. Before you begin
- Before beginning the installation of the floor, 24 hours before, keep the floor at room temperature, in a horizontal position and on a flat surface.
- Make sure the subfloor is clean and level.
3. Step-by-step to put laminate flooring
- Install the appropriate blanket to the subfloor type. It must always be placed in the opposite direction to the positioning of the blades. Leave about 1cm left over behind the baseboards or in the corners of the walls. Use the tape to join the pieces of the blanket;
- Place the spacers along the wall to allow sufficient space for floor expansion;
- Begin to install the blades parallel to the wider wall of the room. The first blade should be with the male fitting side facing the wall;
- Go to the blade by blade and always keep an eye on if the wood pattern is in sequence;
- When you finish the row, you may need to adjust the length of the final blade. Cut it with the decorative side down and the cut side facing the wall;
- When starting the second row, use a half cut blade. Place it at a 30-degree angle and go down to fit it and continue this way until the end of the installation;
- Fix the blades by gently hammering the ends and closing the grooves. Use a stop block and do not use the hammer directly on the blades;
- When installing the last row of blades, you may have to adjust the width size of the entire row. If necessary, measure and cut each blade with the saw;
- Finally, remove the spacers, fasten the baseboards to the wall with glue and nails without a head. Fit the appropriate profiles to each corner of the wall.
How to Put Laminate Flooring: Important Tips
- You can improvise your own spacers and save on this stuff. Simply create spacers that are 5 to 10mm thick, are cut in L-shape and have a length of at least 30cm;
- Do not forget to remove the spacers when you have finished installing all the blades;
- It is good to have someone along with you and to be responsible for observing how the assembly is, if there is any difference or defect;
- It is important to start the second, third and other rows always in the middle of the front row blade to take advantage of more blades and to make the ground more resistant. This technique also makes it difficult for people to see the floor joints when it is finished;
- Always wear protectors such as goggles and gloves to avoid cutting yourself when handling chainsaws or stilettos or when hammering;
- Do not install laminate floors in wet areas like bathrooms, saunas, laundromats or kitchens, it is not resistant to excess moisture;
- Put felt pads under heavy furniture, table tops and chairs to prevent scratches or damage to the floor;
- To clean your floor, simply use a soft broom or vacuum cleaner. For deeper cleaning use a damp cloth in a little water and non-abrasive cleaning product.
So what did you think? Do you think you can install your laminate flooring alone or with the help of friends?